The structure of the external area has three main areas: the garden, the vegetable garden and vineyard, and the traditional “prà giardin.”
The garden is on three levels connected by stone steps. The highest level is a gravel terrace facing the manor house. On the edge of the highest level are carved box hedges that demarcate that level’s boundary, and act as the defining feature of the second level.
This second level is in turn divided into two parts. The first, symmetrical and centered with respect to the house, is an Italian garden outlined by box hedges (Buxus sempervirens), and punctuated by taller and sculpted box hedges in the shape of armchairs and geometric figures. The second part of this level, known as the “English garden,” is a yew grove (Taxus baccata). Its western border, which is regularly trimmed, forms a green wall that marks the border and defines the symmetrical disposition of the Italian garden. Although the structure of the English garden is created by the yews, there are other mature plants within it. These include a local walnut tree (Juglans regia), a very harmonious American walnut tree (Juglans nigra), a pawlonia (Pawlonia tomentosa), and a young Camphor Laurel plant (Cinnamomum camphora). In mid-April, a beautiful Peony Arborea (Suffruticosa) brightens the twilight of the grove with its bloom.
The third level consists of a small plantation of fruit and olive trees.
The walled vegetable garden is set much lower(about 5 meters) than the garden. This is a typical example of “hortus conclusus.” This is a structure created in the Middle Ages and found especially in the monasteries. It follows the prescriptions of the Rule of San Benedetto of Norcia, dictated by San Benedetto in 534 AD. It is an area with a part dedicated to each of vegetable gardens (horti), orchards (Pomaria), gardens with trees (viridaria) and finally medicinal herbs (herbaria).
Within the boundaries of this area, there are also vineyards. Some vineyards include pergolas, fruit trees, and a small fish pond. A series of water channels with a sink runs at the edge of the vegetable garden and allows irrigation.
Further downhill from the vegetable garden, there is a triangular field dominated by a large oak at its apex. This marks the extreme outer boundary of the property. Until a few years ago this area was an apple orchard. Because of the progressive aging of plants, fruit plants have been reintroduced to restore the traditional “prà giardin” characteristic of this type of property.